李渤,文胜平,苏美华,王为,黄晖,高坤元,聂祚仁.Cu含量对Al-2.5Mg-xCu-0.2Si合金微观组织和性能的影响[J].稀有金属材料与工程,2021,50(3):740~745.[libo,wengshengping,sumeihua,wangwei,huanghui,gaokunyuan,niezuoren.Effect of Cu content on microstructure and properties of Al-2.5 Mg-xCu-0.2 Si alloy[J].Rare Metal Materials and Engineering,2021,50(3):740~745.]
Cu含量对Al-2.5Mg-xCu-0.2Si合金微观组织和性能的影响
投稿时间:2020-03-17  修订日期:2020-04-09
中文关键词:  铜含量  热处理  强度  腐蚀
基金项目:National Key Research and Development Program of China (2016YFB0300801 and 2016YFB0300804), the National Natural Science Fund for Innovative Research Groups (Grant No. 51621003), National Natural Science Foundation of China (51671005 and 51701006), Beijing Natural Science Foundation (2162006).
中文摘要:
      本文研究了Cu含量对Al-2.5Mg-xCu-0.2Si合金微观组织和性能的影响。由于形成Cu,Mg原子团簇,加入Cu的合金的显微硬度在时效初期有明显的快速硬化。随着时效时间的延长,由于S’相和GPB的形成使得合金的硬度再次提高,并达到硬度峰值。快速硬化的硬度值和峰值硬度值均随铜含量的增加而增加。铜含量增高,合金的抗拉强度和屈服强度增加明显,延伸率降低。含铜量增高,合金的抗晶间腐蚀能力变差。当合金Cu含量低于1.1%时,合金具有良好的抗晶间腐蚀性能;但含2.0%铜的合金抗晶间腐蚀性能显著降低。基于实验结果分析:含铜量为1.1%的合金具有较好的机械性能和抗腐蚀能力。
Effect of Cu content on microstructure and properties of Al-2.5 Mg-xCu-0.2 Si alloy
英文关键词:Cu content, heat treatment, strength, corrosion.
英文摘要:
      Effect of Cu content on microstructure and properties of Al-2.5 Mg-x Cu-0.2 Si alloys are investigated in this paper. The microhardness of the alloy with Cu addition has an obvious rapid hardening due to the clustering of Cu and Mg at the early stage of aging. With further aging, the microhardness of the alloy increases again and reaches an obvious second peak due to the formation of S’ phase and GPB zone. The increasing amount of Cu content would result a significant increase in tensile strength and yield strength while its elongation and intergranular corrosion performance reduces. With the increase of Cu content, the intergranular corrosion performance of the alloy becomes worse. The alloy would have a reasonably well corrosion performance when the Cu content is less than 1.1%, however there will be a significant reduction when the alloy in containing 2.0%Cu. Based on these results, the alloy containing 1.1% Cu would have better mechanical properties and corrosion resistance.
作者单位E-mail
李渤 北京工业大学 463091265@qq.com 
文胜平 北京工业大学  
苏美华 北京工业大学  
王为 北京工业大学  
黄晖 北京工业大学  
高坤元 北京工业大学  
聂祚仁 北京工业大学  
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